Combination of light-emitting diode with minoxidil 2%, topical corticosteroid and oral immunomodulator induced hair regrowth in a pediatric alopecia areata

Authors

  • Dina Evyana Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lili Legiawati Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Githa Rahmayunita Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Irma Bernadette S. Sitohang Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lis Surachmiati Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Dina Kusumawardhani Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Keywords:

Alopecia areata, diode, immunomodulator, pediatric

Abstract

Alopecia areata (AA) is a form of non-scarring hair loss caused by an autoimmune disease. Symptoms range from a total or severe to an only mild patchy loss of hair. Spontaneous remission may occur. Even though AA is the third most frequent reason for pediatric dermatology consultations, treating alopecia areata in children is still difficult. A 4-year-old, healthy girl, presented with non-scarring multiple patchy alopecias on the scalp, and the hair pull test was positive. Trichoscopy demonstrated exclamation marks, black dots, short vellus hairs, and telangiectasia. Routine laboratory tests were unremarkable. The patient was clinically diagnosed with alopecia areata. Dermoscopy may confirm the diagnosis. Therapies are designed to alleviate symptoms and signs. More pediatric data are needed to evaluate therapies’ safeness and recurrence rates in such treatment approaches. Topical treatment using high potency topical corticosteroid and minoxidil 2% combined with light-emitting-diode (LED) and oral immunomodulator (inosine pranobex) showed good response and well tolerated in pediatric alopecia areata.

Author Biography

Lili Legiawati, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Indonesia

Department of Dermatology and Venereology

References

References

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Published

2023-03-05

How to Cite

1.
Dina Evyana, Lili Legiawati, Githa Rahmayunita, Irma Bernadette S. Sitohang, Lis Surachmiati, Dina Kusumawardhani. Combination of light-emitting diode with minoxidil 2%, topical corticosteroid and oral immunomodulator induced hair regrowth in a pediatric alopecia areata. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2023Mar.5 [cited 2024May19];33(1):342-4. Available from: https://www.jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/2041

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Section

Case Reports