Black hair dye dermatitis is a major cause of concealed facial melanosis in patients with dark complexion

Authors

  • Khalifa E. Sharquie Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Center of Dermatology, Medical City Teaching Hospital. Baghdad, Iraq
  • Waqas S. Abdulwahhab Department of Dermatology, Al-Qassimi Hospital, Sharjah. College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, UAE
  • Inas K. Sharquie Department of Microbiology & Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Keywords:

Black hair dye, Facial melanosis, Lichen planus actinicus

Abstract

Background: Hair dye dermatitis is a common problem that is localized to the head or even generalized, and in many countries, it runs as an outbreak problem. Many patients could present with facial melanosis but without an obvious history of dermatitis. Objective: To record patients with facial melanosis that was triggered by black hair dying and to highlight this concealed cause of facial pigmentation. Patients and methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study where 102 patients with black hair dye facial melanosis were seen during the period from 2014-2022. All patients with Fitzpatrick skin type 111 and 1V. Full demographic features were clarified. History and examination were carried out, and skin biopsies for histopathological assessment were done in selected cases. All other causes of facial melanosis were excluded. The therapeutic trial used Mometasone Furoate 0.1% cream twice a day for one month. Results:  A total of hundred two patients with facial melanosis were analyzed; their ages ranged from 30-60 years with a mean of 50 years,70 (68.6%) males and 32(31.4%) females with a ratio of 2:1. History and examination showed that all patients were applying black hair dye from 0.5- 4 years and the duration of facial pigmentation ranged from 1-5 years. Patients mentioned some itching of the face, while others mentioned a history of an erythematous rash of the face in the early course of the disease. On examination, all patients revealed deep brown to dark hyperpigmentation of the face, neck, and hands. Woods light examination gave no contrast, while histopathological assessment showed an increase in the melanin stores both in the epidermis and dermis. Topical therapy with Mometasone Furoate, 0.1% cream, gave a very satisfactory response by lightening the skin. Conclusion: Black hair dye is an important cause of facial melanosis that is often overlooked and confused with other causes of facial melanosis, commonly diffuse lichen planus actinicus, where its therapy will be very difficult unless hair dying is prevented. Therapy with mometasone Furoate 0.1% cream showed a satisfactory result.

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Published

2024-04-21

How to Cite

1.
Sharquie KE, Abdulwahhab WS, Sharquie IK. Black hair dye dermatitis is a major cause of concealed facial melanosis in patients with dark complexion. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2024Apr.21 [cited 2024Jul.13];34(2):474-9. Available from: http://www.jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/2458

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