Comparative study of testing the efficacy of topical clobetasol versus clobetasol plus glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment for the symptomatic relief of chilblains

Authors

  • Nadia Sultan Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore
  • Fatima Tariq Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore.
  • Asad Ali Chaudhary Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore
  • Ansa Tariq Ghurki Hospital, Lahore
  • Saad Manzoor Ghurki Hospital, Lahore
  • Ghazala Butt KEMU/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore

Abstract

Objective To test the efficacy of topical Clobetasol versus Clobetasol plus Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment for the symptomatic relief of chilblains.  Methods This study was conducted over a period of two months starting from 1st December 2020 till 31st January 2021 at the outpatient of Dermatology department at Punjab Rangers Teaching Hospital, Lahore. A total number of sixty patients who presented to skin OPD with chilblains were enrolled in the study and were divided into two groups. One group was taken as cases (40) and the other as controls (20). Cases were labeled group A and controls were labeled group B, both were tested for five variables i.e. pain, pruritus, edema, erythema and ulcerations. Both groups were advised application of the topical preparation after washing & drying the affected area twice daily. Group A was prescribed application of topical GTN along with clobetasol ointment, while group B was advised to apply clobetasol only. Both the groups were advised follow up to the OPD after two weeks to compare the effectiveness of each & were assessed for the improvement in all the five tested variables which were pain, pruritis, erythema, edema and ulceration.  Results On the first follow-up after regular application of the prescribed preparation for two weeks, it was noted that out of 40(100%) patients in group A, significant improvement was seen in 32(80%) in all the tested variables, whereas among 20(100%) patients of group B, 9(45%) reported improvement in pruritus, pain, erythema and edema.  Conclusion Glyceryl trinitrate when added with clobetasol has a better and rapid relief of symptoms as compared to when used alone.  

Author Biographies

Nadia Sultan, Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore

Department of Dermatology.

Fatima Tariq, Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore.

Department of Dermatology

Asad Ali Chaudhary, Rahbar Medical & Dental College Lahore

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

Ghazala Butt, KEMU/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore

Department of Dermatology

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Published

2022-03-29

How to Cite

1.
Nadia Sultan, Fatima Tariq, Asad Ali Chaudhary, Ansa Tariq, Saad Manzoor, Ghazala Butt. Comparative study of testing the efficacy of topical clobetasol versus clobetasol plus glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment for the symptomatic relief of chilblains. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2022Mar.29 [cited 2024Jul.13];31(4):659-64. Available from: http://www.jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/1882

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