Risk factors and Diagnostic criteria for Scabies in a population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: Unmatched Case-Control study

Authors

  • Muhammad Tufail Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KPK, Pakistan
  • badsha khan Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KPK, Pakistan

Keywords:

Scabies, Risk Factors, Diagnostic criteria, LRH

Abstract

Objective  To find out the risk factors associated with a high prevalence of scabies in patients who visited LRH (Lady reading Hospital) Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Methods A total of 177 scabies patients and 354 control individuals took part in this study. We found a high rate of the disease at the age of 21-50 years OR: 1.70, 95% Cl [1.18-2.45] compare to individuals of other ages. Results The risk of the disease was higher in crowded areas such as schools and big families. This disease risk was lower in individuals having good living condition OR: 0.43, Cl 95% [0.28-0.64], good hygiene OR: 0.26, Cl 95% [0.172-0.397], and good income OR: 0.489, 95% [0.330-0.724]. Illiterate was more affected compared to literate (P<0.0001). Topical and oral treatment was found more common and effective (78.0%), topical treatment was prescribed to (20.3%), and oral treatment was prescribed to (1.7%) patients. Conclusion  It is evident from the result that the risk of scabies upsurges in congested areas, poor hygiene, and low income. Furthermore, topical and oral treatment is more common and effective to treat the disease.

Author Biography

Muhammad Tufail, Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KPK, Pakistan

Researcher in IBMS

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Published

2022-04-10

How to Cite

1.
Tufail M, khan badsha. Risk factors and Diagnostic criteria for Scabies in a population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: Unmatched Case-Control study. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2022Apr.10 [cited 2024Jun.17];31(3):459-63. Available from: http://www.jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/1660

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Original Articles